When California governor’s final term was ending in 2018, he set a very bold climate goal. He wanted the world’s fifth-largest economy to go carbon neutral in the next 25 years.
To achieve this they have to remove all greenhouse gases which the citizens will produce.
Roger Aines says we can go carbon neutral if we use the technology we have today
and focus on scaling up. Also, he believes that there is no need to invent new technology.
To go carbon neutral by 2045 California will need to remove 125 million metric tons of carbon every year. It would cost an estimated $10 billion a year, which is roughly 0.4% of the state GDP.
Can We Go Carbon Neutral by Recycling Carbon?
If we have proper reforestation, it can absorb up to 25 million tons of carbon every year. By changing the agriculture practices and soil management, the soil becomes more carbon-absorbing. Direct air capture can eliminate more than 16 million tons of carbon.
Even after this, we still have to figure out how to take care of the 84 million tons of carbon which will come from biomass, waste food, cattle manure, sewage, etc…
According to a survey, the solution to this problem can be an opportunity for mankind. Using biomass we can produce fuel. This can be achieved by the process of gasification.
To Go Carbon Neutral, what challenges we face?
There is a big difference between, what is possible and what can be implemented. For starters, the usage of biomass at a large scale is yet to be tested. There can also be an underestimation of the cost of direct air capture.
It is to be noted that after the major wildfire 2018, the forests of California were a net carbon emitter. There might not be significant control in the emissions from the industrial sector. At the current rate of reduction, we can go carbon neutral but will miss the 2050 deadline by over a century.
To go carbon neutral, there are a lot of challenges. Changing the infrastructure & processes in various sectors, which will be costly. There will also be difficulties in transporting the biomass from place to place.
To on-board, big companies without any visible gain would be a difficult task. We know to go carbon neutral it will cost us money & will be difficult too but we can do it & it’s high time we should do it.