World’s Fastest Supercomputer Frontier Has Overtaken Japan’s Fugaku

  • World’s Fastest Supercomputer ‘Frontier’ Has Overtaken Japan’s ‘Fugaku’
  • Frontier is a US-based Supercomputer.
  • Also known as OLCF-5.

United the States Of America is now in the top position again because of its newly built supercomputer titled ‘Frontier’. It has removed  Japan’s ‘Fugaku’ (developed by the Riken Institute and Fujitsu), as the world’s fastest machine with 1.1 exaflops of performance on the 59th TOP 500 list published by an international conference of computer experts.

The Frontier supercomputer at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is the first to achieve an unexpected level of computing performance known as exascale, a threshold of a quintillion calculations per second.

An HPE Cray EX supercomputer, Frontier, also claimed the number one spot on the Green 500 list. It has rated energy uses and efficiency to commercially available supercomputing systems, with 62.68 gigaflops performance per watt.

“It is ushering in a new era of exascale computing to solve the world’s biggest scientific challenges.” “This milestone offers just a preview of Frontier’s unmatched capability as a tool for scientific discovery,”  ORNL Director Thomas Zacharia said in a statement

Frontier is a system made of 74 cabinets weighing 8000 pounds each. The work to deliver, install and test Frontier began during the Covid-19 pandemic, as lockdowns around the world made an impact on international supply chains.

More than 100 members of a public-private team worked around the clock and sourced millions of components also ensuring deliveries of system parts on deadline to carefully installing and testing 74 HPE Cray EX supercomputer cabinets, which include more than 9,400 AMD-powered nodes and 90 miles of networking cables.

“When researchers gain access to the fully operational Frontier system later this year, it will mark the culmination of work that began over three years ago involving hundreds of talented people across the Department of Energy and our industry partners at HPE and AMD,” said Jeff Nichols, ORNL associate lab director for computing and computational sciences.

Key Features of Frontier:

  • Features a theoretical peak performance of 2 exaflops, or two quintillion calculations per second.
  • 10 times more powerful than ORNL’s Summit system (which is also housed at ORNL’s Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility)
  • Is more than twice as fast as Fungaku.
  • Will enable scientists to develop critically needed technologies for the country’s energy, economic and national security, helping researchers address problems of national importance that were impossible to solve just five years ago.
  • The Frontier supercomputer’s exascale performance is enabled by some of the world’s most advanced pieces of technology from top-notch companies like Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) and Advanced Micro Devices (AMD)

In between all this, there are predictions that the making of a new supercomputer in China developed the successors to Tianhe-2 and Sunway Taihu Light supercomputers.

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