Google has undoubtedly reshaped the internet and life of people. The company began as a novel search engine and now manages eight products. Each of these products has over 1 billion users. In 2018, many of those users use Google to search for information, communicate, consume media, etc.
On September 4th, Google turned 20 years old. Alphabet, the holding company of which Google is now subsidiary, rises to compete with Amazon and Apple in the $1 trillion market valuation. All the moments of Google’s past like mapping, smartphone OS, self-driving cars has led the company to this position.
We have mentioned Google’s biggest product launches, instrumental acquisitions, and legal quagmires. All of these have helped the company to turn into this position today.
AUGUST 1996: BEGINNING OF GOOGLE
In 1995, Larry Page enrolled in Stanford’s computer science graduate program. He created a research project known as BackRub, which is now Google. In his project, his fellow CS student Sergey Brin accompanied him in his project. They created a system that would crawl to the internet to determine the linking of different pages on the World Wide Web. This led to the creation of a new search engine.
Brin had an expertise in math. So, the duo together created the PageRank algorithm. This algorithm ranks the search results based on the linking behavior of pages. In August 1996, the two technologies created the world’s most powerful search engine of Stanford’s private network.
SEPTEMBER 4TH, 1998: THE COMPANY TURNED INTO GOOGLE
As Page and Brin wanted to make their search engine more accurate as the web continued to grow. So, they renamed the company as Google based on the mathematical term googol.
AUGUST 2001: GOOGLE RECRUITED ERIC SCHMIDT TO RUN GOOGLE
Though the company was only a few years old, it was growing rapidly. But, it also needed some guidance. So, Page and Brin recruited Eric to run Google and for adult supervision.
2002: YAHOO ATTEMPTS TO BUY GOOGLE FOR $3 BILLION
Long before Google became popular, Yahoo was the primary internet search engine. In 2000, Google also became Yahoo’s search engine provider. Later in 2002, Yahoo tried to buy Google for $3 billion. But, Google didn’t accept the deal as it felt it was worth at least $5 billion.
JULY 2003: GOOGLE MOVES TO GOOGLEPLEX
In July 2003, Google leased a complex of buildings at 1600 Amphitheater Parkway. At that time, the company had more than 1,000 person workforce. This was the company’s largest campus and was known as Googleplex.
APRIL 2004: GOOGLE LAUNCHED GMAIL WITH 1GB OF STORAGE
On 1st April 2004, Gmail started as a mail service with advanced search capabilities and 1GB of storage. Gmail outclassed all the popular email products of that time which offered only a few megabytes of storage. The main personality behind the Gmail was the company’s employee Paul Buchheit.
AUGUST 19TH, 2004: GOOGLE WENT PUBLIC
Google received many investments through angel investments and others. Also, the company’s web advertising services made it highly profitable. The company went public pricing its stock at $85 per share, giving it a $27 billion valuation. Today, the company is well enough to become a trillion-dollar company.
FEBRUARY 8TH, 2005: GOOGLE MAPS
In 2005, Google first introduced Maps that initially provided step-by-step directions and zoomable maps. The company believed that maps can be really useful and fun. Later on, Google rolled out GPS navigation for Maps on smartphones.
OCTOBER 9TH, 2006: GOOGLE BUYS YOUTUBE
On October 9th, 2006, Google bought YouTube for $1.65 billion. The move of acquiring YouTube has proven to be Google’s most significant move. Today, YouTube has reshaped the culture of online life by providing opportunities for countless content creators.
APRIL 14TH, 2007: GOOGLE ACQUIRES DOUBLE CLICK
Google had its own automated digital auction system known as AdWords. It allowed advertisers to bid on top sponsored spots on its search results page for every search. In 2007, it acquired DoubleClick for $3.2 billion. With the acquisition of DoubleClick, the company expanded its ad services across the internet.
SEPTEMBER 2ND, 2008: CHROME BROWSER
With the help of several Mozilla Firefox developers, Google created a new browser which came to be known as Google Chrome. It was initially for Windows, which later came to other OS. Chrome became outclassed both Firefox and Internet Explorer and now it is the world’s dominant web browser.
SEPTEMBER 23RD, 2008: GOOGLE LAUNCHES ANDROID
In 2005, Google bought Android for $50 million, which is now the world’s most popular mobile OS. The OS made its debut with the T-mobile G1 / HTC Dream. Today, Android is the world’s most popular and the most used OS.
OCTOBER 2010: GOOGLE BEGINS TO WORK ON SELF-DRIVING CARS
In 2010, Google launched a unique product: seven Toyota Pruises. These cars were far different from the other cars as it had sensors and artificial intelligence. That move from the company evolved and eventually became a standalone business for self-driving cars known as Waymo.
JANUARY 24TH, 2014: GOOGLE ACQUIRES DEEPMIND
According to reports, Google had a hard fight with Facebook to buy London-based AI firm DeepMind. But, acquiring DeepMind has proven to be worthy for Google with its successes. Google is now dominating the world of AI, and it wouldn’t be possible without DeepMind.
These were some of the popular moments of Google’s 20-years journey. In the future, Google will surely face challenges, but will also amaze the world with its innovations.